What is exactly a Composer in PHP?
PHP Composer is a dependency management tool for PHP. It allows developers to declare the libraries their project depends on and it will manage (install/update) them for you.
Composer uses a file called “composer.json” to manage dependencies. In this file, you list the dependencies your project has, along with version constraints. Once you have defined your dependencies, you can use the Composer command line tool to install them.
Adding a package dependence
To add a package dependence manually in Composer, use “require” command.
For example, if you want to add the package “monolog/monolog” as a dependency to your project, you would run the following command in your project’s root directory:
composer require monolog/monolog
This will add the package to the require section of your composer.json file and install the package and its dependencies into the “vendor” directory.
You can also specify the version number of the package that you want to install by doing the following:
composer require monolog/monolog:1.0.*
The above command will install version 1.0 or any version that starts with 1.0 like 1.0.1, 1.0.2
Once you have added a package as a dependency, you can update or remove it using Composer as well. You can run “composer update” command to update all the dependencies or update only a specific package this way:
composer update monolog/monolog
And to remove a package, use remove command.
composer remove monolog/monolog"
Once you have all the required dependencies, simply run the following install command
Composer will download the dependencies and their dependencies recursively and install them in a directory called “vendor”. The dependencies can then be autoloaded using the Composer’s autoloader.
What is Composer autoloading?
Now move on to an important Composer feature: autoload. Autoloading is a way to automatically include the necessary files when a class is used in an application, without having to manually include or require each file. This can greatly simplify the organization and maintenance of your codebase.
So instead of having to manually include a large number of files at the top of each script, you can simply use the classes you need and let the autoloader handle the rest. You can organize your code into different namespaces and directories, without having to worry about manually including the correct files.
More about autoloading: https://getcomposer.org/doc/01-basic-usage.md#autoloading
Autoload a 3rd party library manually
You can also manually add a 3rd party library, such as phpGrid, to the autoload section in Composer. There are a few ways to load a 3rd party class in the Composer autoloader.
1. Using the “classmap” autoloading method
This method allows you to specify a list of specific files that should be included in the autoloader. You can add the classmap entries to the “autoload” section of your composer.json file like this:
2. Use “files” autoloading method
This method allows you to specify a list of files that should be included in the autoloader. You can add the files entries to the “autoload” section of your composer.json file like this:
You can combine different autoload methods in the same composer.json file, with a combination of psr-4, classmap and files.
Don’t forget to run composer dump-autoload
It is important to note that when you use the classmap and files autoloading method, you need to run the composer dump-autoload command after adding or modifying the files/classmap, for the autoloader to be updated.
That’s is for all about PHP Composer and its autoloading. Hope you finding it useful in your PHP coding journey!